At the end of this course, you will be able to:
About 20% of human cancers are induced by viruses, particularly in low/middle income countries, to a point that in some regions of the world, viral infection is the main etiology of human cancers. Our understanding of the relationship between viral infection and oncogenesis has considerably improved during the last two decades. As obligatory intracellular parasites, viruses encode proteins that reprogram host cellular signaling pathways that control proliferation, differentiation, cell death, genomic integrity, and recognition by the immune system. Both DNA and RNA viruses have been linked with human cancers.
Epstein-Barr virus, papillomaviruses, hepatitis B virus, human herpesvirus-8 and Merkel cell polyomavirus are the five DNA viruses that are capable of causing the development of human cancers. Human T lymphotrophic virus type 1 and hepatitis C virus are the two RNA viruses that contribute to human cancers. Treatment and prevention strategies critically depend on the double understanding of the mechanism of cell tumorigenesis and the way they are influenced by viruses.
During this MOOC, we will review the different mechanisms of virus induced carcinogenesis, from direct integration of the virus in the genome to non-specific inflammation and immune disorders. The epidemiology and specificity of each type of virus and of the induced tumor will then be given in detail. At the end we will report innovations in the prevention of virus induced tumors.
This MOOC is composed of 7 teaching chapters. Each chapter has 2 to 6 sequences. Each sequence consists of a video of about 10 minutes and some MCQs so that students can test their knowledge. The videos are in English with French and English subtitles.
This MOOC is open to anyone interested in cancer-associated viruses, with a good scientific background. A bachelor's degree in the sciences is recommended.
To follow this course, you can choose between two options:
- The Discovery Course gives access to videos, quizzes and discussions in the forum. No certificate is issued for this course. Registration is free.
- The Qualifying Course leads to a certificate. In addition to the activities of the Discovery Course, you will have to take a one-hour supervised distance learning exam, consisting of 30 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and obtaining 18 correct answers. The registration fee for the Qualifying Course is 150€.
Successful completion of the Qualifying Course gives you the opportunity to apply for the Institut Pasteur Online Diploma of Infectious Diseases (DNM2IP), which consists of 5 certificates to Institut Pasteur MOOCs on infectious diseases. To learn more, visit the Institut Pasteur's web page dedicated to this diploma.
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