Emerging infectious diseases require an interdisciplinary approach taking into account epidemiology and biomathematics, virology, immunology, human and animal health, entomology, clinical research on infectious diseases, sociology, medicine, political sciences and risk communication, as well as elements of health economics. This module provides participants with theoretical foundations, practical methods, and public health considerations involving different disciplines. The objective is to train participants through this case study; they will learn how to monitor emerging infectious diseases, but they will also learn how to prevent and control outbreaks. Whenever possible, it will be shown how each discipline contributes to the formation of a common expertise in order to find solutions for an epidemic of emerging infectious disease. Synergy, relationships and interdependence between disciplines will also be highlighted. Our approach is pragmatic and traces the course of an outbreak of Chikungunya, a disease transmitted by a mosquito, Aedes albopictus, which occurred in the Indian Ocean in 2006.
It will be presented and analyzed: tools of surveillance, early warning and detection methods, studies aimed at identifying risk factors and triggers of an epidemic, scenarios for prevention, sero-epidemiological studies, risk communication in times of crisis, risk perception and behaviors of the population.